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Treatment of Sewage Water Using Microalgae in Combination with Membrane Bioreactor: An Eco-Friendly Approach

[ Vol. 5 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Gayatri S. Gera, Vaibhav Salunkhe, Ulhas Kharul, Supriya Y. Jadhav, Prajakatta Mulay, Tanushree Bhattacharjee and Sanjay Kamble*   Pages 35 - 46 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Background: The treatment of sewage water is an important problem faced by many cities across India. Conventional methods are costly and require high space, therefore, there is a need to develop an eco-friendly and cost effective technique for the treatment of sewage water.

Methods: The present work deals with the treatment of sewage water using three different microalgae cultures in combination with the Membrane Bioreactor (MBR). Open raceway pond was used to grow microalgae (three species) in presence of sunlight (12:12 h light-dark cycle) with continuous monitoring of nutrients and organic matter depletion for 5 days. Algal growth was measured using hemocytometer. Nutrients and organic matter uptake was measured using standard APHA & TOC analyzer respectively. The grown algal biomass was dewatered using three different membrane modules.

Results: The effect of various operating parameters such as the concentration of microalgae, types of membranes (viz. ceramic, polysulfone and polyacrylonitrile (PAN)), and transmembrane pressure, on the quality of treated water was investigated in detail. During the operation, various process parameters such as nutrients uptake, pH and organic matters were monitored. It was found that at higher initial biomass concentration (5x106 cells/ml), the rate of the nutrients uptake was maximum for all the three cultures, and PAN membrane gave the highest permeate flux with less fouling compared to other membranes.

Conclusion: Efficient biomass production and high quality permeate water was achieved together by the combination of microalgae and membrane bioreactor system.

Keywords:

Sewage water, ceramic, polymeric membrane, microalgae, nutrients uptake, biomass.

Affiliation:

Chemical Engineering and Process Development Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, 411037, Polymer Engineering Science Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, Polymer Engineering Science Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, 44325, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, 411037, Chemical Engineering and Process Development Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008

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